Children’s Health

Children’s Hospital Los Angeles has been awarded a $2 million grant from the state of California to study a precision medicine approach to screening children for adverse childhood experiences. The three-year grant–part of the California Initiative to Advance Precision Medicine–was announced by the Governor’s Office of Planning and Research, in partnership with the Office of
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Scientists have revealed a potential mechanism for how traumatic brain injury leads to neurodegenerative diseases, according to a study in fruit flies, and rat and human brain tissue, published today in eLife. The results could aid the development of treatments that halt the progression of cell damage after brain injury, which can otherwise lead to
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Today The Lundquist Institute announced that its investigators contributed data from several studies, including data on Hispanics, African-Americans and East Asians, to the international MAGIC collaboration, composed of more than 400 global academics, who conducted a genome-wide association meta-analysis led by the University of Exeter. Now published in Nature Genetics, their findings demonstrate that expanding
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How does the switch to a high-deductible health plan affect children with asthma? A new study led by researchers at the Harvard Pilgrim Health Care Institute suggests that enrollment in a high-deductible health plan (HDHP) may not be associated with changes in asthma medication use or asthma exacerbations when medications are exempt from the deductible.
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Australian scientists have found what could prove to be a new and effective way to treat a particularly aggressive blood cancer in children. Acute lymphoblastic leukemia, or ALL, is the most common cancer diagnosed in children. Despite dramatic improvements in the survival of children with ALL over past several decades, children who develop ‘high risk’
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An environment in which family members support one another and express their feelings can reduce the effects of social deprivation on cognitive ability and development among adopted children, suggests a small study by researchers at the National Institutes of Health. In contrast, rule-driven households where family members are in conflict may increase an adopted child’s
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While coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in children is relatively rare and usually mild, some have been known to return with a rare but serious, or even life-threatening, complication called Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome in Children (MIS-C). These children present with gut symptoms followed by inflammatory symptoms in several organs and often cardiac damage. A new paper
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In a recently published epidemiological study in the European Journal of Epidemiology, researchers confirmed that the use of paracetamol during pregnancy led to an increased risk of children displaying symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and autism spectrum conditions (ASC). Paracetamol use during pregnancy. Image Credit: Prostock-studio/Shutterstock.com Previous studies on paracetamol use during pregnancy Paracetamol, which
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UC San Francisco researchers have found a way to double doctors’ accuracy in detecting the vast majority of complex fetal heart defects in utero – when interventions could either correct them or greatly improve a child’s chance of survival – by combining routine ultrasound imaging with machine-learning computer tools. The team, led by UCSF cardiologist
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As the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic approaches its eighteenth month, new variants of concern (VOCs) of the causative pathogen ’ severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) ’ continue to emerge all over the world. Some of these have exhibited heightened transmissibility, and potentially more virulence, than earlier strains. Most alarmingly, early evidence also
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The University of Illinois Chicago has been selected by the National Institutes of Health as the principal site of a multi-center collaborative in the Chicago area that will bolster research and outreach to help communities disproportionately affected by COVID-19. As part of the NIH’s Community Engagement Alliance, or CEAL, Against COVID-19 Disparities initiative, the UIC-led
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A team of scientists from the Washington University, in St. Louis, USA, has recently conducted a survey to analyze factors responsible for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) vaccination hesitancy among US citizens. The study findings reveal that public willingness to vaccination can likely be improved by allowing them to select vaccine brands and locations. In contrast,
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Results from the VOYAGE study of dupilumab (Dupixent) showed that the monoclonal antibody significantly reduced exacerbations in children ages 6-11 with uncontrolled moderate-to-severe asthma, compared to placebo, according to research presented at the ATS 2021 International Conference. VOYAGE (NCT02948959) is a recently completed randomized, placebo-controlled double-blind multicenter phase 3 clinical trial, that took place in
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Follow-up data from the landmark SPRINT study of the effect of high blood pressure on cardiovascular disease have confirmed that aggressive blood pressure management — lowering systolic blood pressure to less than 120 mm Hg — dramatically reduces the risk of heart disease, stroke, and death from these diseases, as well as death from all
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While the earlier waves of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic relatively spared children, some of the affected children have developed a systemic inflammatory condition, with occasionally fatal outcomes. Called multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C), its pathogenesis and risk factors are the subject of a new study on the medRxiv* preprint server. MIS-C MIS-C
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May 21 2021 Researchers from The University of Western Australia have discovered children can successfully comprehend and create novel human communication systems. Image Credit: The University of Western Australia The study, published in Child Development, could help shed light on how new languages are created. Related Stories A team from UWA’s School of Psychological Science
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Studies have shown that children can experience post-viral syndromes after a severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection. However, the extent to which children are affected by this long COVID syndrome in which symptoms can continue for over 12 weeks is unclear. Currently available evidence is limited to selective clinical populations with no control
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Mistrust in local and national governments is slowing down child vaccination progress in Africa, which has half of the world’s unvaccinated and undervaccinated children, a study shows. According to World Health Organization (WHO) estimates, vaccination prevents two to three million deaths annually worldwide from diseases such as tetanus, pertussis (whooping cough), influenza and measles but
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